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Think of search terms (in English and, if need be, also in Dutch) for the different elements of your search query. Use the information on this page if you need help. Search terms can be keywords, synonyms and translations (most search systems are in English).
You can adjust your search terms based on your search results until you are satisfied with the results.
NB you do not have to find search terms for all your elements, sometimes it is even better to leave an element out. For example if you are looking for effects of an intervention. After all, you often do not know what they are yet!).
Write down your search terms.
Generating search terms
Thinking up the right search terms is one of the major parts of your search strategy.
Go looking for corresponding terms for each part of your search question. Don't forget:
- synonyms (house/dwelling)
- broader terms (university / higher education)
- narrower terms (children/ toddlers)
- related terms (training / coaching)
- antonyms (terms with opposite meanings, such as parent/child or sick/healthy
- persons and organisations of importance to your subject
- terms indicating space and time (for instance eras,centuries, place names, countries)
- avoid bias in your search terms, it might colour the outcome of your search
And also think of the different word forms:
- verb conjugations
- different spelling (labor / labour)
- translations into languages which are relevant to your subject and discipline
Correct your search terms along the way. If you do so from the very start, you will soon see which (new) terms produce the right results, and which terms don't. Repeat this method als long as it takes.
You don't have to reinvent the wheel. Use resources:
- words from an exploratory search from, for instance, Wikipedia or handbooks
- words from earlier found sources, for instance words from the title or abstract or keywords given by the author
- thesauri (overviews of selected words or concepts and their mutual relations within a particular field of interest or discipline, often included in large, subject specific databases)
Take for example the search question from step 1:
I am looking for information on treatment of eating disorders for boys and men, in publications starting from the year 2000.
You can think of the following search terms:
- treatment, therapy, intervention, psychotherapy
- eating disorders, bulimia, anorexia (nervosa), disordered eating, eating attitudes
- male(s), men, man, boy(s)