An article (or paper) is a piece of text, usually published in a journal and often reporting on research into a single aspect of a problem. Many articles have a rather fixed structure, but each discipline has its own traditions.
Authors use articles for:
and readers use them as:
Many, but not all journals are online. It differs according to discipline (almost all in natural and biomedical sciences as well as social sciences, but fewer in humanities) and according to language (most of those in English, but fewer of those in other languages). It does not pose a big problem because:
To find out if we have a print journal available search our catalogue by the name of the journal.
For finding journal articles there are many good search engine or bibliographical databases:
Articles published in books ('edited volumes', 'readers', 'anthologies') are quite difficult to find. Options:
Contrary to popular belief the French Journal des Scavans was the very first scholarly journal, appearing january 1665, a mere two months before the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Comparing French and English versions of wikipedia articles on both journals shows that both are still claimed to be the oldest scholarly journal, with English sources doubting the pure scientific nature of the French journal.