Direct search (in known database)
When you know a database, you will have Statistics is a category you can select in the list of search engines of the University Library. Most selected search engines below are freely accessible on the internet, except for the OECD database (you will have to log in with your solisID).
Indirect search (for more databases)
Feel free to search for more statistics with Google. Keep in mind a few things when formulating keywords:
- Statistics are not always explicitly presented in the form of a database (keywords: statistics OR "statistical data" combined with a relevant keyword)
- 'Statistics' is often used for statistical data (keywords: statistics OR statistical combined with a relevant keyword)
- Search official statistics of a country (keywords: "United States" OR American; or use a URL-extension as a keyword, i.e. '.cn' for China)
- Use the language of the country you are researching: (données) statistiques (French), (statistische) Daten / Statistiken (German), (dati) statistiche (Italian), datos (estadisticos) / estadisticas (Spanish) etc.
Statistical databases are not aiming at historians and often contain little historical data. Search for an Archive section or look for filter options by year to see how far back data reach.
(i) Any organised collection of data may be considered a database. In this sense the word is synonymous with dataset.
(ii) A software system for processing and managing data, including features to extend or update, transform and query the data.
(Source: Open Data Handbook)
Note: In the context of this LibGuide, the word database is exclusively used in the second definition.
Note: database sometimes is spelled as two words:data base. Its synonym databank can be spelled 'data bank'.
The work of government involves collecting huge amounts of data, much of which is not confidential (economic data, demographic data, spending data, crime data, transport data, etc). The value of much of this data can be greatly enhanced by releasing it as open data, freeing it for re-use by business, research, civil society, data journalists, etc. Source: Open Data Handbook
Data is open if it can be freely accessed, used, modified and shared by anyone for any purpose - subject only, at most, to requirements to provide attribution and/or share-alike. Specifically, open data [...] requires that the data be A. Legally open: that is, available under an open (data) license that permits anyone freely to access, reuse and redistribute B. Technically open: that is, that the data be available for no more than the cost of reproduction and in machine-readable and bulk form.
Source: Open Data handbook.
Eurostat is the European Union’s statistical information service.
The Eurostat website is available in English, German and French. The Eurostat website provides direct and free of charge online access to all its statistical databases and associated electronic publications. The Eurostat database is updated twice a day and covers: the European Union, the EU Member States, the euro area, Candidate countries, EFTA countries.
Eurostat is as up-to-date as possible and not meant for historical research. Depending on the subject, the temporal scope varies a lot between the 1960's and the 2010's.Eurostats gives access to different forms of data visualisation (see hereunder).
The Eurostat homepage consists of 5 tabs: News, Data, Publications, About Eurostat, Help
World Development Indicators (WDI) is the primary World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized international sources. It presents the most current and accurate global development data available, and includes national, regional and global estimates. It contains over 800 time-series indicators for 209 countries and 18 country groups, covering 1960 to last year. Included are sets of country tables, covering specialized topics such as social indicators, economic indicators, education, and population projection.
DataBank is an analysis and visualisation tool that contains collections of time series data on a variety of topics. You can create your own queries; generate tables, charts, and maps; and easily save, embed, and share them. Watch the tutorial and read the FAQs. Depending on the subject, it covers the period 1960 to last year.
OECD iLibrary is OECD’s online library for books, papers and statistics and the gateway to OECD’s analysis and data. However, many content areas are freely available to any site visitor, such as the OECD Factbook, Working Papers, OECD Key Tables, and more.
Utrecht University Library has a subscription to to 8 themes in OECD iLibrary. The most relevant for this course are: